Methods

Introduction

GSDS offers four primary contraceptive methods and this page will outline those available for you. Information of the procedure for each method is detailed on separate pages of this section.

1. Multi Load IUD (Intrauterine Device)

IUD is small and flexible and made of an inert material and copper. IUD prevents pregnancy when inserted into the uterus through the vagina. These devices can be inserted with or without sedation. Before this procedure can be done, it is important for the patient to have an up to date pap smear and high vaginal swabs. These swabs are done on the day of the procedure at GSDS. Please discuss with our staff when you make an appointment. Patients return to fertility upon removal of the device. There is no restriction of age for women over 20 years old. The IUD is effective for five years. IUD's are not protective against sexually transmitted disease.

2. IUD Mirena

Mirena IUD is a small plastic T-shaped frame with 2 fine threads at the base. It is inserted into the womb via the cervix and it contains a slow release hormone (progesterone). The effectiveness of this method is 99.8% for a period of 5 years. IUD's are not protective against sexually transmitted disease.

** IUD's are inserted between days 1 to 5 of the menstrual period to ensure you are not pregnant.

3. Contraceptive Implants

Contraceptive implants are small plastic rods containing the hormone progesterone. This device is inserted underneath the skin of the upper inner arm and provides protection against pregnancy for a three year period if left in place. The device works by stopping ovulation and making the lining of the uterus so thin that it does not allow a pregnancy to grow. Contraceptive implants are not protective against sexually transmitted disease.

4. Contraceptive Injection

Contraceptive injection is normally given while the patient is menstruating. This is to ensure the patient is not pregnant at the time of the injection. It gives three months protection from pregnancy and provides protection immediately after the first injection.

Contraceptive injections contain a form of progesterone and many women find they stop having their period. There is no reason for worry if this occurs. The lining of your uterus does not thicken due to the progesterone, therefore there is no menstrual bleeding. Contraceptive injections are not protective against sexually transmitted disease.

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